GT Reading Test 45: Section # 2
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 15-27, which are based on Reading Passage below.
Write answers to questions in boxes 15-27 on your answer sheet.
Read the text below and answer Questions 15-20.
Working for a small company may be better than you think
Recent research shows that many job-seekers believe their ideal position would be in a large company. However, working for a small or medium-sized business has many advantages that are too easily overlooked. Here are just a few of them.
Working in a small organisation with a small workforce means it’s likely to be easy to become part of it. it won’t be long before you’re familiar with the staff and the departments that you need to deal with. This can provide a feeling of comfort that takes much longer to develop in a large company. Departments are likely to be small and have close connections with each other, which helps to make internal communication work well – everyone knows what’s going on. You’ll also gain a better understanding of how your own role fits into the company as a whole.
In a small business you’re likely to have considerable variety in your workload, including opportunities to work in different areas of the company, which will allow you to identify abilities that you didn’t know you had. An introduction to new activities could even lead to a change of career. This variety in your work will help to make it stimulating, so you have a good reason for getting out of bed in the morning.
There will be plenty of opportunities to show initiative, and you’ll also learn to function well as part of a team. Because it’s much harder to overlook someone within a small workforce than a large one, your efforts are more likely to attract the attention of those higher up. You’ll have plenty of opportunity to show what you can do, and to have your potential noticed. The result is very likely to be that promotion comes to you faster.
Small businesses are usually flexible, something that is rarely true of large organisations. This means that if they’re well managed, they can adapt to make the most of changes in the wider economy, which in turn can help you. Don’t dismiss them as a place to work because of the myths about them. Small firms can be ideal places for developing your career.
Complete the sentences below.
Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the above reading passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 15-20 on your answer sheet.
15. In a small business it is easy to become ………….… with colleagues and other departments.
16. You may find you have ……………. you were not aware of.
17. Finding that your work is ……………. will make you enjoy doing it.
18. Other people are likely to realise that you have ……………. .
19. Opportunities for ……………. will come sooner than in a larger business.
20. You can benefit from a small company being more ……………. than a large one.
Read the text below and answer questions 21-27.
Starting a new job
A. Make sure you know when and where you are expected to report on your first day. If the route from home is unfamiliar to you, make a practice run first the normal first activity in a new job is a meeting with your boss, and it would be embarrassing to be late. Dress formally until you’re sure of the dress code.
B. You should expect to have an induction programme planned for you; a security pass; visits to whatever parts of the organisation you need to understand to do your job properly; meetings with anyone who could affect your success in the role; and someone to show you where everything is and tell you all the real rules of the culture – the ones that are never written down but which everyone is meant to follow.
C. It can be a shock to join a new organisation. When you are a newcomer, feeling uncertain and perhaps a little confused, there can be a strong temptation to talk about your old job and organisation as a way of reminding yourself and telling others that you really know what you are doing, because you did it in your previous role. Unfortunately, this will suggest that you have a high opinion of yourself, and that you think your old place was better. It has enormous power to annoy, so don’t do it.
D. All employers have a core product or service paid for by customers which justifies their existence. If you are not part of this core activity, remember that your role is to provide a service to the people who are part of it. Understanding their concerns and passions is essential for understanding why your own role exists, and for knowing how to work alongside these colleagues. This is why you must see this product or service in action.
E. When I worked for a television company, all of us, whatever our job, were strongly encouraged to visit a studio and see how programmes were made. This was wise. Make sure you do the equivalent for whatever is the core activity of your new employer.
F. Don’t try to do the job too soon. This may seem strange because, after all, you have been appointed to get on and do the job. But in your first few weeks your task is to learn what the job really is, rather than immediately starting to do what you assume it is.
G. Starting a new job is one of life’s major transitions. Treat it with the attention it deserves and you will find that all your work in preparing and then going through the selection process has paid off magnificently.
The text has seven paragraphs, A-G.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
Write the correct letter, A-G, in boxes 21-27 on your answer sheet.
NB You may use any letter more than once.
21. the emotions that new employees are likely to experience at first
22. a warning to be patient at first
23. how colleagues might react to certain behaviour
24. travelling to your new workplace before you start working there
25. an example of observing an activity carried out within an organisation
26. some things that the organisation should arrange for when you begin
27. a division of jobs within an organisation into two categories
Working for a small company may be better than you think & Starting a new job: Reading Answers