Essay 437 – The average life expectancy of people is increasing

GT Writing Task 2 / Essay Sample # 437

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

In many developed countries, the average life expectancy of people is increasing.

What problems will this cause for individuals and society?
Suggest some measures that could be taken to reduce the impact of ageing populations.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:

In recent years, developed countries have witnessed a significant increase in average life expectancy. While this trend brings some positive implications, it also poses challenges for both individuals and society. This essay will explore the problems associated with a growing ageing population and propose measures to mitigate its impact.

The extended average life expectancy presents several challenges for individuals. Firstly, individuals may face financial burdens as they need to sustain themselves for a longer period of retirement. With limited income and increased healthcare costs, they may struggle to meet their daily needs and maintain a comfortable standard of living. Secondly, the prevalence of age-related health issues rises with increased life expectancy. This places a strain on individuals’ physical and emotional well-being, as well as their families who may have to provide caregiving or seek external assistance.

The ageing population also poses challenges for society as a whole. One significant concern is the strain on healthcare systems. As more individuals require medical attention and long-term care, healthcare facilities may face resource shortages and increased demand for specialised services. Additionally, an ageing population puts pressure on social welfare systems. Pension schemes and social security programmes, for instance, may struggle to meet the needs of a larger retired population, potentially resulting in inadequate financial support for seniors.

To mitigate the challenges posed by an ageing population, several measures can be implemented. Firstly, governments should focus on developing comprehensive social security and pension reforms. This includes ensuring sustainable funding for retirement programmes and exploring innovative approaches to support the financial well-being of seniors. Secondly, investments in healthcare infrastructure and services are crucial. Governments should prioritise funding for geriatric healthcare, preventive care, and long-term care facilities. An illustrative example of the challenges posed by an ageing population can be observed in Japan. The country has one of the oldest populations in the world and its healthcare system has faced substantial strain, struggling to meet the healthcare needs of its ageing population. To address these issues, Japan has implemented various policies aimed at increasing the retirement age, promoting active ageing, and investing in healthcare infrastructure.

In conclusion, the increasing average life expectancy in developed countries presents challenges for individuals and society. To address these challenges, governments should focus on social security reforms, invest in healthcare infrastructure, and promote active ageing initiatives. By implementing these measures, we can reduce the impact of ageing populations and create a society that supports the well-being and dignity of all its members.

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