GT Writing Task 2 (Essay Writing) Sample # 17
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Every year several languages die out. Some people think that this is not important because life will be easier if there are fewer languages in the world.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1: (Agree)
Due to the global dominance of some languages and geopolitical issues, annual extinction of many languages with less number of speakers are accelerating. While some see it as a grave issue, others believe that it is a course of the natural process and we are better off with fewer languages. I personally agree that fewer global languages make communication more convenient, diminish the cultural barrier and enhance the international trade facilities.
Those who oppose having a few dominating international languages and advocate saving every language in the world form their opinion on the basis that every language represents a unique culture. The death of a language means the end of a culture and tradition of people who use the language. This is a fatal blow to an era and the knowledge derived from the nation. For instance, Ainu in Japan and Yagan in Chile, two languages on the verge of extinction, not only designate two languages but also two unique cultural symbols.
However, at least one hundred languages around the world have only a handful of speakers and preserving them is highly improbable. A language lives as long as people speak this language and with the globalisation and mass-migration trend, saving languages from extirpation have become even tougher. A world with fewer languages and no cultural barrier is a better place to live in. Moreover, it enhances global trade and improves the political relations among nations. For instance, research conducted in early 2000, indicates that some Asian countries despite their common cultural aspects are divided by their languages. We cannot expect industrialisation, technological revolution and the world as a common platform if we have severe communication and cultural gaps among nations. For a prosperous future where people understand each other perfectly, we need only a handful of languages spoken by all.
To conclude, saving every single language in the world is neither possible nor practical. Let us dream of a world with less cultural and communication barrier with effective communication among all with fewer languages.
Model Answer 2: (Disagree)
More than a few hundred languages around the world are dangling on the brink of extinction. We may lose more than just words if we allow them to die out, despite some academics’ opinion that the world would be a far better place to live in with fewer languages. I believe that languages have fundamentally different characteristics and represent a unique culture and fewer global languages will consequently wreck the diversity of cultures.
A group of people dream of a unified world with no cultural barrier and a common language spoken by all. They advocate the need for fewer languages, such as English, to bring nations together and to foster global trade and understanding. They, however, forget that a language is not just an accumulation of spoken words but the key to culture. Once a language is lost, the knowledge, literature and tradition expressed using it also get extinct.
A language evolves throughout the decades and embodies the culture, way of life, history and wisdom of a group of people. If cultural diversity does not persist, there would be no meaning in learning a new language and no thrill to travel to different parts of the world. A language is like Oxygen for the culture of an area and conduits of human heritage. To preserve the rich and diverse culture of a region, the native language must be protected. Furthermore, the belief that fewer common languages would bring nations together is a risky hypothesis – according to a professor at Yale University.
To conclude, with fewer global languages we will suffer the loss of cultural legacy and the strength of cultural diversity. No one is denying having international language for global communication, but not with the cost of global diversity and heritage.