GT Writing Task 2 / Essay Sample # 319
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
International tourism has become a huge industry in the world. Some people think that the problems caused by international tourism outweigh the benefits.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Global tourism proves to be a massive industry on the planet. Although many people believe that the issues like environmental damages caused by international tourism nullify the advantages, this essay disagrees with this notion because it has far more benefits than drawbacks.
International tourism suffers from various negative environmental externalities. The adverse impacts on the atmosphere occur when the number of tourists in a destination exceeds the environment’s ability. In fact, current tourism form has affected local environments across the world by depleting natural resources through deforestation and water use, and by contributing to global warming, soil erosion, and natural habitat loss. Tourism, for example, contributes to more than 7 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. However, this essay believes that any problems caused by global tourism cannot outweigh benefits because of its employment generating power.
The advantage of global tourism is that it is an engine for the global economy. In simple words, this industry supports a dynamic economy, engaging people in every country, and across a diversity of sectors and skills. In all, 109 million employees work directly in the industry- not only as hotel staff, chefs, tour guides, pilots or on cruise ships, but as designers, accountants, and engineers for tourism companies, or supporting the sector with food production, handicraft making or laundry services. A further 194 million people are indirectly dependent on the industry. According to the World Travel and Tourism Council, the international tourism industry generates 9.9% of employment across the world. Thus, the tourism industry helps build a robust economy.
In conclusion, although international tourism can spell dire troubles for the world, one must give employment generation the top priority it deserves since it strengthens the economy. For this reason, the positives of global tourism far outnumber the negatives.