GT Writing Task 2 / Essay Sample # 420
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
More and more people are moving from rural areas to cities in search of a better life, but city life has its own problems.
What are these problems?
Suggest some solutions to these problems.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
In recent years, there has been a significant migration of individuals from rural areas to cities as they seek better opportunities and improved quality of life. However, city life is not without its challenges and drawbacks. In this essay, I will discuss some of the problems associated with urban living and propose potential solutions to address these issues, ultimately highlighting the importance of sustainable urban development for the well-being of both residents and the environment.
One of the primary problems of city life is the strain it places on infrastructure and resources. Rapid urbanisation often leads to overcrowding, inadequate housing, and insufficient transportation systems. Limited access to affordable housing and public transportation not only affects the quality of life but also exacerbates issues such as traffic congestion and pollution. For instance, cities like Mumbai, Dhaka and Beijing face severe traffic congestion due to the influx of people, leading to increased pollution levels and decreased overall well-being.
Another significant challenge in cities is the prevalence of social and economic inequalities. While cities offer diverse opportunities, they also witness a concentration of wealth and resources in specific areas, resulting in unequal distribution of resources and opportunities. This disparity creates social divisions, such as income inequality and limited access to quality education and healthcare. These inequalities can lead to social unrest, crime rates, and a decreased sense of community cohesion.
To address the problems associated with city life, several solutions can be implemented. Firstly, investing in infrastructure development and urban planning is essential. This includes expanding transportation networks, constructing affordable housing, and creating green spaces. Improved infrastructure can alleviate congestion, enhance accessibility, and enhance the overall livability of cities.
Secondly, tackling social and economic inequalities requires targeted policies and programmes. Governments should prioritise the equitable distribution of resources, provide access to quality education and healthcare, and promote social inclusion. Efforts to bridge the gap between different socioeconomic groups can foster a more harmonious and cohesive society.
While urban migration is driven by the desire for a better life, it is essential to acknowledge and address the problems associated with city life. By investing in infrastructure, addressing social and economic inequalities, and adopting sustainable practices, cities can become more livable and environmentally friendly.