GT Writing Task 2 / Essay Sample # 300
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Some people believe that old buildings should be protected by law. Others, however, think that they should be replaced by new buildings.
Discuss both these views and give your opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
People remain deeply divided on protecting old but important buildings. Many feel that historical buildings ought to be preserved by law, while others believe that new buildings should be built to replace old ones. This essay agrees with the former viewpoint and will show that despite some advantages brought by new buildings, preserving old buildings attach great cultural, economical and environmental value.
There are various reasons why many people want to construct modern buildings to replace ancient ones. Firstly, modern structures incorporate concrete, glass, and steel. These elements offer natural fire resistance. Consequently, homes or buildings with a modern theme are less likely to be susceptible to fire hazards. Secondly, modern architectural constructions allow more natural light. Not only is it aesthetically pleasing, but it also reaps health benefits. For example, natural light provides vitamin D, thus helping to combat seasonal depression. Lastly, modern structures utilize lightweight materials, this, in turn, allows buildings to be tall. In densely populated cities, vertical space is the only option to accommodate the ever-growing need for housing and offices.
On the other hand, there are several cogent arguments for protecting old structures. First and foremost, antique buildings help us understand the historical backdrop and promote deep respect for those who lived in prior times, and different cultures and traditions. In fact, old buildings play a profound role in cultivating the pride of heritage and culture that makes a city in the world. For example, Paris is known for the Eiffel tower, and London is known for Big Ben, while Cairo is known for Pyramids. Second, historical buildings attach a great economic value. In simple words, a building steeped in history attracts tourists, thus creating new jobs in the area. This, in turn, helps bring economic prosperity to the area. Last but not least, protecting old buildings can be considered recycling as it saves energy spent on manufacturing building materials, reduces construction waste, thereby reducing carbon footprint.
To conclude, it is critical to protect antique buildings because of their intangible and tangible value, and I think that necessary laws should be in place to preserve old buildings.