Essay 378 – People are moving away from an agricultural background

GT Writing Task 2 / Essay Sample # 378

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

All over the world, more and more people are moving away from an agricultural background to relocate to cities in order to look for other types of work.

What are the reasons for this trend?
What are the possible consequences of this?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:

The global shift from agricultural backgrounds to urban areas in search of alternative employment opportunities has become increasingly prevalent in modern times. This essay aims to analyze the reasons behind this trend and explore its potential consequences. While economic prospects and lifestyle improvements are often cited as primary motivators, the repercussions on rural communities and the environment should not be overlooked.

One of the main drivers behind this migration is the desire for better job prospects and higher incomes. Cities offer a wider range of employment options, including opportunities in industries such as technology, finance, and services. Urban areas often concentrate on infrastructure and resources, making them attractive to job seekers who seek stability and career advancement. Moreover, cities offer access to better education, healthcare, and cultural amenities, enhancing the quality of life for individuals and their families. According to recent urbanization data, cities tend to have 40% more educational institutions and 35% better healthcare facilities compared to rural areas; thereby significantly attracting many people.

However, the consequences of this trend can be far-reaching. The migration of rural populations to cities can lead to a decline in agricultural production and a loss of traditional farming knowledge. This shift can result in increased dependence on imported food, impacting food security and self-sufficiency. Furthermore, urbanisation strains existing infrastructure and services, leading to overcrowding, inadequate housing, and heightened social inequality. Environmental degradation, such as deforestation and pollution, may also occur as urban areas expand to accommodate the growing population. For instance, the rapid urbanization of cities like Mumbai, India, has resulted in severe overcrowding and inadequate housing for a significant portion of the population. This has led to the rise of slums and informal settlements, where basic amenities are lacking and living conditions are substandard.

In conclusion, the movement away from an agricultural background to urban areas is driven by economic opportunities and improved quality of life. However, the consequences of this trend on rural communities and the environment cannot be ignored. By fostering rural development, societies can strike a balance between urbanisation and the preservation of agricultural heritage, ensuring a sustainable future for both rural and urban populations.

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