Essay 87 – The population of some countries includes a large number of young adults

GT Writing Task 2 / Essay Sample # 87

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

At the present time, the population of some countries includes a relatively large number of young adults, compared with the number of older people.

Do the advantages of this situation outweigh the disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Model Answer:

In this day and age, ageing population is declining in many countries across the world creating a situation where young people have become the largest portion of the demographic. Although there are limitations to this phenomenon related to experienced workforce, it still is a positive sign as it leads to bolstering the economies.

There are several drawbacks to having a predominately young people in a country. The most frequently cited downside is the lack of skilled workforce. To put it another way, many important industries have felt the full impact of scarcity of extensive expertise. A good example here is India, which has a large young population. The country suffers from a scarcity of leaders in important areas such as engineering. There was lack of skilled engineers to build Mumbai Expressed Flyover. It had to hire a substantial number of specialists from Japan so as to accomplish the feat.

Despite this downside, the benefit of a young population is that it brings many advantages to a country and is a key indicator of economic prosperity. A case in point is India, where nearly 60 percent population is young, which gives the country a competitive advantage in the international outsourcing market as it provides a large, skilled workforce capable of satisfying the brainpower demand of the international economy. Similarly, a larger working population boosts business profits. That is to say that it increases competition for jobs, which in turn helps to keep labour wage, thereby maximizing profits.

In conclusion, it seems reasonable to assume that the advantages of a youthful population outstrip the disadvantages. Therefore, the governments should pay attention so that they can fully exploit the advantages of their demographics.

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