Essay 440 – Possible ways to encourage the use of public transport

GT Writing Task 2 / Essay Sample # 440

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

The rising levels of congestion and air pollution found in most of the world’s cities can be attributed directly to the rapidly increasing number of private cars in use. In order to reverse this decline in the quality of life in cities, attempts must be made to encourage people to use their cars less and public transport more.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:

The escalating levels of congestion and air pollution prevalent in numerous cities worldwide can be directly attributed to the exponential increase in the utilisation of private vehicles. To counteract the deteriorating quality of life within urban areas, some suggest encouraging individuals to reduce their reliance on cars and instead opt for public transportation. I wholeheartedly agree with this opinion.

Undeniably, the widespread use and popularity of private cars have led to severe detrimental consequences. The mounting traffic jams and noxious emissions have significantly compromised the urban environment and public health as a result of our reliance on cars. In order to check this situation, encouraging people to use public transport could be an effective solution.

Encouraging a shift towards public transportation offers a viable solution to this pressing issue. Efficient and well-connected public transit systems can alleviate congestion by reducing the number of private vehicles on the road. This not only contributes to improved traffic flow but also diminishes the emission of harmful pollutants. For example, the implementation of comprehensive metro systems in cities like London and Tokyo has significantly reduced traffic congestion and lowered pollution levels.

Moreover, promoting the use of public transport is environmentally sustainable, as it curbs carbon emissions and conserves energy resources. The adoption of electric buses and trains powered by renewable energy sources, for example, further bolsters these ecological benefits. For example, the introduction of electric buses in a few European cities has significantly reduced air pollution and reliance on fossil fuels, contributing to cleaner air and a healthier environment for everyone.

In conclusion, the burgeoning problems of congestion and air pollution, largely stemming from the increasing prevalence of private cars, necessitate urgent action to promote the usage of public transportation. Encouraging individuals to embrace this shift can alleviate urban challenges, enhance air quality, and ultimately restore the livability of cities.

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