GT Writing Task 2 / Essay Sample # 205
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no special knowledge of the following topic.
Many childhood diseases can now be prevented through the use of vaccines.
Should parents be made by law to immunise their children against common diseases or should individuals have the right to choose not to immunise their children?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
Compulsory vaccination for children is at the forefront of national debates and is driving political discourse. Many argue that parents should have the right to opt out of the ‘child immunization program’, whereas others demand that laws should be introduced to make immunization mandatory. In this case, I believe that authorities should draw the line between public health and civil liberty, but for the sake of the next generation, child vaccination should be made mandatory.
There are many compelling reasons why authorities should enact mandatory childhood immunization laws to stop the spread of preventable diseases. First, vaccines can boost children’s immune systems to combat many serious diseases, thus eradicating those severe diseases. A case in point is polio. It was once the most-feared disease, causing death and paralysis around the world, but today, there are no reports of polio in many countries like the USA. Furthermore, vaccination can protect our future generation. Vaccines, in many cases, can eliminate many diseases that severely disabled or killed people just a few generations ago. A very good example here is smallpox. Nowadays, there is no need to get shots of the smallpox vaccine because the disease no longer exists. Thus, vaccination ought to be statutory.
On the other hand, some claim that vaccination can turn deadly for some children. But the reality is that this percentage is ignorable. They also express that each child is born with different genes, a unique microbiome and epigenetic qualities that determine how he or she responds to the environment in which he or she lives. Therefore, children do not all respond in the same manner to contagious diseases or pharmaceutical products for example vaccines. Besides, their belief goes on that governments should not infringe on the parental right to make medical decisions for their children, thus undermining civil liberty.
To conclude, a mandatory vaccination policy for children ensures a better future not only for us but for our future generations. In my opinion, however, it is difficult to force all parents. So it is expected that parents would spontaneously vaccinate their children.
Model Answer 2:
The issue of childhood immunization is a subject of intense debate, with some advocating for compulsory immunization and others arguing for individual choice in the matter. In my opinion, parents should be obliged to immunize their children against common and deadly diseases to protect not only their own children but also the broader community. This essay will outline the reasons supporting mandatory immunization and provide examples to strengthen the argument.
Firstly, immunization is a crucial public health measure that has proven to be highly effective in preventing the spread of infectious diseases. By ensuring a high vaccination rate within the population, herd immunity is achieved, providing protection to vulnerable individuals who cannot be vaccinated due to medical reasons. This includes newborns, pregnant women, and individuals with compromised immune systems. For instance, the global eradication of diseases like smallpox and the near-elimination of polio are clear demonstrations of the effectiveness of widespread immunization efforts.
Secondly, the decision not to immunize a child can have serious consequences, both for the child and the community. Vaccine-preventable diseases, such as measles, mumps, and whooping cough, can lead to severe complications and even death. Failure to immunize not only puts the unvaccinated child at risk but also exposes others who may come into contact with them, including infants, the elderly, and individuals with weakened immune systems. Outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases have occurred in communities with low vaccination rates, highlighting the potential danger posed by the choice to forgo immunization. To illustrate the significance of immunization, consider the case of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. This vaccine protects against several strains of HPV that can cause cervical cancer. By immunizing young girls and boys, countries like Australia have witnessed a significant decline in HPV-related diseases, leading to a reduction in cervical cancer rates.
In conclusion, parents should be obliged to immunize their children against common and deadly diseases. The benefits of immunization extend beyond individual health, protecting vulnerable populations and contributing to the overall well-being of society.