Essay 205 – Should parents immunise children against common diseases

GT Writing Task 2 / Essay Sample # 205

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no special knowledge of the following topic.

Many childhood diseases can now be prevented through the use of vaccines.

Should parents be made by law to immunise their children against common diseases or should individuals have the right to choose not to immunise their children?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Model Answer:

Compulsory vaccination for children is at the forefront of national debates and is driving political discourse. Many argue that parents should have the right to opt-out of the ‘child immunization program’, whereas others demand that law should be introduced to make immunization mandatory. In this case, I believe that authorities should draw the line between public health and civil liberty, but for the sake of the next generation, child vaccination should be made mandatory.

There are many compelling reasons why authorities should enact mandatory childhood immunization laws to stop the spread of preventable diseases. First, vaccines can boost children’s immune system to combat many serious diseases, and thus eradicating those severe diseases. A case in point is polio. It was once the most-feared disease, causing death and paralysis around the world, but today, there are no reports of polio in many countries like the USA. Furthermore, vaccination can protect our future generation. Vaccines, in many cases, can eliminate many diseases that severely disabled or killed people just a few generations ago. A very good example here is smallpox. Nowadays, there is no need to get shots of the smallpox vaccine because the disease no longer exits. Thus, vaccination ought to be statutory.

On the other hand, some claim that vaccination can turn deadly for some children. But the reality is that this percentage is ignorable. They also express that each child is born with different genes, a unique microbiome and epigenetic qualities that determine how he or she responds to the environment in which he or she lives. Therefore, children do not all respond the same manner to contagious diseases or pharmaceutical products for example vaccines. Besides, their belief goes on that governments should not infringe on the patents’ right to make medical decision for their children, thus undermining civil liberty.

To conclude, a mandatory vaccination policy for children ensures a better future not only for us but for our future generations. In my opinion, however, it is difficult to force all parents. So it is expected that parents would spontaneously vaccinate their children.

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