GT Writing Task 2 / Essay Sample # 387
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
The world is experiencing a dramatic increase in population. It is causing problems not only for poor, undeveloped countries but also for industrialised and developing nations.
What problems do overpopulation causes?
What solution can you suggest to control the global population?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
The world has witnessed a significant surge in population in recent times, presenting challenges not only to impoverished and underdeveloped nations but also to industrialised and developing countries. This essay aims to elucidate some of the problems associated with overpopulation and propose one potential solution to control the global population.
One of the primary predicaments stemming from overpopulation is the strain on limited resources. With an increasing number of people, the demand for food, water, energy, and housing rises exponentially, placing immense pressure on the planet’s finite resources. This scarcity leads to issues such as food insecurity, water shortages, energy crises, and inadequate housing, exacerbating the socioeconomic disparities prevalent in many societies.
Furthermore, overpopulation poses significant environmental challenges. Rapid urbanisation and industrialization result in the destruction of natural habitats, deforestation, and increased pollution levels. The expansion of human settlements encroaches upon ecosystems, leading to the loss of biodiversity and disrupting delicate ecological balances. The city of Manaus in the heart of the Amazon rainforest serves as an apt example. As urban development and industrialization progressed, large portions of the surrounding rainforest were cleared to make way for residential and commercial areas.
To address the global population issue, one possible solution is the promotion of comprehensive family planning programmes. By providing accessible and affordable contraception methods, education on reproductive health, and empowering women with the ability to make informed choices, countries can effectively control population growth. Encouraging smaller family sizes can help achieve a balance between population and resources, enabling sustainable development and mitigating the associated problems.
In conclusion, the world’s burgeoning population presents multifaceted challenges for both poor and affluent nations. The strain on limited resources and the environmental consequences are among the prominent issues associated with overpopulation. However, by implementing comprehensive family planning programmes that prioritise reproductive health education and accessible contraception, countries can effectively address the global population problem and strive towards a sustainable future.