GT Writing Task 2 (Essay Writing) Sample # 44
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Excessive use of cars causes many problems. Whats are those problems? In order to reduce the problem, should we discourage people to use cars?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
Since private cars offer flexibility and comfort on the road, owning a car has become essential for many. However, excessive car use and our dependency on it comes with negative consequences. To protect our environment and to reduce traffic congestion, we should promote alternative eco-friendly transportation to citizens.
Environmental issues caused by automobiles are huge and it adversely affects our planet and our health. Vehicles we run emit greenhouse gases and several chemicals which simultaneously harm our planet and our physical and mental well-being. The widespread use of cars has real environmental costs and is the primary reason for urban air and sound pollution, global warming and complex health problems. Traffic jam is another big problem which kills our valuable time and drains our energy on the road.
To address these problems, some people suggest that the government should restrict car ownership and increase the price of fuel by manyfold. This, in my opinion, is not the best possible solution as it would restrict people’s comfort and freedom to travel and move. I believe a better solution would be to promote eco-friendly transportation like bicycles and invest in automobile research to invent more environmental-friendly cars which run on solar or battery power. Besides, to reduce sound pollution, hydraulic horns should be banned and drivers should be encouraged to use the horn when it is absolutely necessary. Also, traffic congestion can be alleviated by building more roads, underground tunnels and parking spots while also motivating drivers to abide by the traffic rules.
In conclusion, restricting people’s freedom to use cars seems like an easy solution at a glance, but introducing environmentally-friendly vehicles and developing infrastructures would address the problems more effectively.
Model Answer 2:
Having an automobile has become imperative in life for many people all around the world. It offers flexibility to their life and work, and also provides ready access to a variety of services and leisure options. However, a range of problems have been identified and need to be addressed due to the excessive use of private cars.
The problems associated with frequent automobile use are becoming increasingly familiar to the general public. The widespread use of cars has real environmental costs. Vehicles are major sources of urban air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. It is reported that road traffic is the source of one-third of all harmful air pollution in the world. Car exhaust contributes to acid rain, carbon dioxide and lead, which cause global warming and damage human health. Traffic jam is another problem. As more and more people drive to work rather than walk, cycle or take public transport, there are heavy traffic jams almost every day at rush hours. The most serious problem, however, is safety. Car accidents cause huge numbers of casualties every year.
To solve these problems, some people suggest that the government should impose strict restrictions on the use of cars, but I do not think this is the best option, because this would lead to reduced mobility for people and restrict their freedom. I think a better solution would be for car manufacturers to design more environmentally friendly cars, which run on solar power or hydrogen. Also, traffic problems can be alleviated by building more underground tunnels and parking garages, and safety problems can be avoided by educating drivers as well as pedestrians to use greater caution on the road.
In conclusion, I think that while discouraging the use of cars might seem a quick solution to many problems we are facing, it is most unlikely to be a permanent remedy. We need more careful actions to address them.