Essay 389 – A country should try to produce all the food for its population

GT Writing Task 2 / Essay Sample # 389

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Some people suggest that a country should try to produce all the food for its population and import as little food as possible.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:

Many people suggest that a country should prioritize self-sufficiency in food production and minimize its reliance on imported food. I am inclined to agree with this perspective. This essay will explore the reasons behind this viewpoint and provide examples to support the argument.

Firstly, achieving self-sufficiency in food production enhances a country’s food security. By relying on domestic production, a nation can ensure a stable and consistent food supply for its population, reducing vulnerability to external factors such as trade disruptions, price fluctuations, or geopolitical tensions. For instance, countries like Japan and South Korea, with limited arable land and a high population density, have prioritized self-sufficiency to safeguard against potential food shortages and maintain a reliable food system.

Moreover, promoting domestic food production stimulates the growth of the agricultural sector and supports rural economies. When a country invests in agricultural infrastructure, technology, and training, it creates employment opportunities and income sources for farmers and agricultural workers. This, in turn, fosters economic development and reduces rural-urban migration. For example, countries like the Netherlands and Denmark have implemented advanced agricultural practices and achieved high levels of self-sufficiency, resulting in thriving rural communities and a strong agricultural sector.

In conclusion, prioritizing self-sufficiency enhances food security, supports rural economies, and promotes environmental sustainability. Countries that have embraced this approach have reaped the benefits of a stable food system, vibrant agricultural sectors, and reduced ecological impact. Therefore, governments should encourage and invest in domestic food production to secure the well-being of their populations and foster sustainable development.

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