Essay 27 – News editors decide what to broadcast and what to print

GT Writing Task 2 (Essay Writing) Sample # 27

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge of the following topic:

News editors decide what to broadcast on television and what to print in newspapers. What factors do you think influence these decisions? Do we become used to bad news? Would it be better if more good news was reported?

You should write at least 250 words.

Use your own ideas, knowledge and experience and support your arguments with examples and relevant evidence.

Model Answer 1:

News editors have a tough job to do as they are the ones who mostly decide what news to broadcast or publish. However, to do their jobs, editors, around the world, rely on several factors which influence their decisions. I think we become accustomed to the type of news we like to read as readers, and it would definitely be more useful if more positive and encouraging news is reported.

To begin with, some of the factors that influence news editors may include the cultural, political and religious tradition of a country while “freedom of speech” can also be a deciding factor in some countries. By taking all of these factors into proper consideration, the editors want to make sure that certain news doesn’t cause any unnecessary chaos, confusion or controversy among people while also maintaining the “authenticity” of the news at the same time as best as possible. After all, broadcast and newspaper media also have a very important role in maintaining peace and order. The number of readers is also something they keep in their mind. Of course, this is true for the most major mainstream broadcast and print media. But, not all broadcast and print media in this world necessarily fall into this “mainstream” category as there are others who think that there is nothing called “bad” news, subject to its definition, as they also “reveal” some ugly and controversial aspects of our life and society. Overall, I guess, I don’t necessarily agree with the idea of “getting used to bad news” as readers and viewers we always have the freedom to choose the type of news we want to view or read.

In the same way, as much as we like the sound of reporting “good news”, broadcast and print media don’t display “good news” just for the sake of it. But I also happen to believe that we should have more good news to encourage people to feel better and become encouraged.

To conclude, presenting news and informing people is a big job for news editors and to uplift our inspiration and motivation, more good news should be presented to us.

Model Answer 2:

News, both in electronic media and print media, is sometimes manipulated by the news editors. They sometimes distort the news by reason of political pressure and sometimes for the sake of more circulation. Besides, people are used to negative news because of negativity bias. However, a commonly held belief is that good news should be published for the well-being of our society.

To begin with, news editors’ decision to publish news can be political control. That is to say that totalitarian regimes and even quasi-totalitarian regimes employ censorship of press freedom. These governments keep a tight rein on the media in order to suppress critical voices. Apart from it, many government allies own the media outlets. Therefore, news editors succumb to owners’ pressure, in turn, many of their news is politically biased.

In regard to our inclination towards bad news, television and newspapers are filled with news of corruption, disaster, rapes, accident and deaths, to mention but a few. Newspapers often deluge to publishing negative news because readers find bad news interesting. To justify the same, there is an epitome of a recent study. The study reveals that people react quicker to negative words due to negativity bias, as psychologists coin it for our collective craving for the bad news.

Whereas, many people feel that good news should be aired on television and should be printed in the newspaper. Just as reading negative news sparks neurotransmitters that change our mood, so does positive news. A growing body of research suggests that good news encourages taking responsibility, taking action, building confidence and is the key factors for the well-being of society. Last but not least, news houses can shape people’s mindset. So they should drive a positive change in society.

In fine, the news is oftentimes manipulated by the editors because of the lack of press freedom and political reasons. In addition, everyday people encounter myriad forms of negative news and they become used to it. That is why news outlets ought to publish positive news for the betterment of society as a whole.

2 Comments to “Essay 27 – News editors decide what to broadcast and what to print”

  1. If we don’t know about the given topic, then what we do?

    1. IELTS Essay topics are taken from everyday issue, social or global issues and are expected to be known by IELTS Candidates. So there is hardly any possibility that you have nothing to tell about a topic that has been given in an IELTS Essay. If someone finds IELTS Essay topics unknown/hard to write about due to knowledge about the topic, maybe, this is the best time for him/her to start reading newspapers, magazines and watch TV news or documentaries on a regular basis.

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