GT Writing Task 2 (Essay Writing) Sample # 35
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Nowadays we are producing more and more rubbish.
Why do you think this is happening?
What can governments do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
Waste management is a big concern today, especially when more than 7.5 billion people produce a staggering amount of garbage each day. Population rise, the popularity of packaged goods, lack of recycling efforts and our throwaway habits are responsible for an unmanageable amount of rubbish production and the government can take some effective steps to control it.
To begin with, the world population has crossed 7.5 billion and it’s only natural that an increasing population produce more rubbish than ever before. Moreover, these days every product is packaged before it is sold. It is so widespread a trend that common products like bananas and apples are packed individually just to make them look attractive to the consumers. Use of plastic, polythene, and many other nondisposable materials make the situation worse as they are not biodegradable. Increasing use of plastic and polythene and its adverse effects on the environment is a global concern. Besides, recycling is a fancy term for many developing and poor countries where it is thought to be a luxury rather than a necessity. As a consequence, we are producing more waste and threatening our environment. Sadly, our consumerism and throwaway habits are making the situation graver as we like to have all the latest products and discard old ones easily.
The government can take some measures to curb the increasingly high waste production which might be tough to implement but once they are in place, it will bring a promising outcome. First, strict laws regarding the use of plastic and polythene should be implemented. No large company like Coca-Cola and Pepsi should be allowed to sell their products on plastic bottles. This single measure can reduce waste production to a certain extent. Moreover, the government should force every household to separately dispose recyclable wastages from other litter so that recycling process becomes easier. Finally, the government should run awareness campaigns to educate people about the negative consequences of plastic and its usage.
To conclude, an ever-increasing population and their consumerism habit primarily produce a huge amount of debris each day and it has already become a global concern. It is hoped that the government would take effective measures to control it to reduce environmental degradation.
Model Answer 2:
In this day and age, the waste burden is reverberating and we need to put more effort to effectively recycle the garbage we produce. This essay will suggest that the root cause of this phenomenon is throw-away culture, and then put forward some suggestions for governments so as to decrease the amount of waste generated.
Waste is on the rise by the reason of throw-away culture. In throw-away culture, goods are manufactured with the philosophy of planned obsolescence. For instance, products such as cell phones, computers, fast fashion items and so forth, are produced with this philosophy in mind. In addition to this, manufacturers most often develop new software to be incompatible with the older gadget. Moreover, they produce trendy fashions items so that shoppers discard their old items and are compelled to buy new ones. Thereby, consumers are forced to discard older hardware, clothes and other items which in turn contributes to the garbage pile. A very good example here is many young college students who discard their computers because new software and games do not support older configuration.
Governments can reduce the growing amount of waste in several ways. First of all, governments can refrain from using single-use items in governments’ premises. For example, they can eliminate throw-away plastics. Secondly, governments can make a mandatory law compelling the restaurants’ owner to use reusable items, like plates, cups and cutlery for example. Thirdly, they also can make manufacturers of single-use items pay for the waste produced. Last but not least, governments ought to wage an awareness campaign about the significance of not generating trash, through promoting responsible consumerism, fostering sustainability and prevention in every cross-section of society. For example, governments can order a media campaign to raise awareness of biodegradable packaging.
To conclude, stemming the rising waste crisis caused by throw-away culture is one of the major contributors to environmental degradation. However, governments can few effective initiatives, like eliminate single-use items at government buildings, pass a law for mandatory use of reusable items and run awareness ads on media to improve the situation.