Essay 304 – Public health is a responsibility of the government

GT Writing Task 2 / Essay Sample # 304

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Some people think that public health is a responsibility of the government, while others believe that individuals should be responsible for their own health.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Model Answer:

Public health has triggered a heated debate and many believe that public health is an onus of the government, yet others think that citizens ought to take responsibility for maintaining their own health. This essay will discuss both perspectives and argue that both the government and people need collaborative efforts to shape a healthy nation.

On the one hand, people in view that the state should take responsibility for public health consider health as a basic right of every individual. They go on arguing that the success or failure of a government is ultimately measured by the well-being of its subjects and nothing can be more crucial to a nation than its public health. Therefore, the government’s prime concern should be the health of its citizens. It is obvious that public health in some wealthy nations has improved to a great extent because their government has taken care of it.

On the other hand, many others think that individuals should be responsible to maintain their own health through self-care. To put it another way, people can keep themselves fit and healthy by intaking appropriate nutrition, doing sufficient physical activity, and avoiding bad lifestyle habits. Governments, in fact, are not in a situation to look after the lifestyle of every citizen. It is solely an individual’s responsibility for adopting a healthy lifestyle so that he or she can stay physically and mentally fit. A recent study, for instance, sheds light on the fact that maintaining good health depends largely on a person’s eating habits, efforts, and healthy lifestyle as a whole.

However, in my point of view, both governments and individuals need to do their own part so as to improve the public’s health. This means that governments should make health care affordable, build enough public parks and health centres, promote a healthy lifestyle while at the same time, people need to take responsibility for their own health.

In conclusion, government responsibility is crucial for maintaining health. Governments alone, however, cannot build a healthy society. People also need to make a real effort in their life to remain healthy and fit.

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