Essay 145 – Small difference between the earnings of the richest and poorest

GT Writing Task 2 / Essay Sample # 145

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Some people think that in order to produce a happy society, it is necessary to ensure that there is only a small difference between the earnings of the richest and poorest.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1: [Agreement]

Income disparity is a critical issue resonating across the globe. Many people deem that reducing the earnings difference between the wealthiest and most impoverished is the precondition for building a happy society, and I firmly agree with this notion.

To commence with, happiness seems profoundly influenced by the wealth reference in a society. If most members of a society have a similar economic condition, they have better bonds and better understanding. For instance, US states where income disparity is lower have less violence and conflicts while confusion and frictions are higher in states where income and social disparity is huge.

Moreover, income disparity undermines the fairness of the equal opportunity mechanism resulting in despair. In other words, income inequality makes it notoriously difficult to promote equality of opportunity. In fact, few privileged people can enter the workforce markedly better prepared than their counterparts. On the other hand, individuals with few assets find it much harder to access the first small steps towards larger opportunities, like a bank loan for starting a new business or paying for advanced education. However, this is not the case of mere envy that causes an unhappy society. It is an objection to income disparity based on the impacts of a few being better off compared to others.

All things considered, it seems reasonable to conclude that income levels should be balanced and fair so as to produce a contented society. Therefore, politicians ought to devise policies to promote a fair distribution of wealth in order to reduce the income gap between the richest and poorest.

Model Answer 2: [Disagreement]

The concept of income equality has long been debated as a means to achieve societal happiness. While some argue that minimising the gap between the earnings of the richest and poorest individuals is essential for a harmonious society, I respectfully disagree. In this essay, I will present arguments against this view, highlighting the importance of individual effort, meritocracy, and economic incentives in fostering social progress and overall well-being.

A society that rewards individual effort and provides incentives for success encourages innovation, entrepreneurship, and productivity. When there are significant differences in earnings, individuals are motivated to strive for higher levels of achievement, contributing to economic growth and societal development. For example, in countries with higher income disparities, such as the United States, individuals have the opportunity to accumulate wealth through their hard work and ingenuity, which fuels economic progress and creates job opportunities for others. This dynamic environment not only drives innovation but also fosters a sense of personal fulfilment and satisfaction derived from one’s accomplishments.

A moderate income gap can serve as an incentive for social mobility, motivating individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds to strive for better opportunities and improve their standard of living. By recognizing and rewarding merit, societies can encourage individuals to acquire the necessary skills and education to uplift themselves and their families. For instance, in countries where there are higher income disparities, such as Singapore, individuals from lower-income backgrounds have access to various government initiatives, scholarships, and grants that enable them to excel academically and pursue higher-paying careers. This not only promotes social mobility but also provides a pathway for the disadvantaged to improve their circumstances and break the cycle of poverty.

In conclusion, emphasizing income equality as the sole measure of societal well-being overlooks the important role of individual motivation, innovation, and social mobility in driving progress. By fostering an environment that rewards individual effort and provides opportunities for advancement, societies can cultivate a sense of purpose, achievement, and overall satisfaction. Therefore, a moderate income gap, coupled with equal access to opportunities, can contribute to a thriving and fulfilled society.

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