GT Writing Task 2 / Essay Sample # 81
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
What other measures do you think might be effective?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model Answer: [Disagreement]
Some believe that raising the price of fuel is the most effective method to solve the traffic congestion and pollution issues. I, however, believe that increasing fuel cost is not the answer to the problem as more effective solutions are there to curb traffic jams and environmental pollution.
Theoretically, higher oil prices dissuade people from using private vehicles to save their budget. This means the number of private transports that runs on the roads will decrease and less quantity of greenhouse gases will be released to damage the atmosphere. But in practice, it is a quick-fix solution that will not bring any lasting impacts and can also jeopardize our economy. Moreover, oil cost is not a big deal for those who can afford expensive cars but will add woes to mass people. Since higher oil price makes production cost go higher, prices of essential items will also grow as a result. In consequence, people’s purchasing power will decline and the economy will be negatively affected.
In my opinion, governments can tackle traffic and pollution problems more effectively. First and foremost, the government can improve public transport system so that citizens can travel comfortably. Secondly, the government should wage an aggressive campaign for Eco-friendly lifestyle. For example, people can check the goods they buy are packaged in biodegradable packaging which decomposes easily. Last but not least, the government also can encourage corporations to introduce ‘telecommuting’ and ‘work from home’ culture, which in turn will reduce traffic considerably and will cut greenhouse gas emissions accordingly.
To reiterate, an increase in petrol price is less effective to ameliorate traffic and pollution problems, rather it can hamper economic growth. Improved public transports and public awareness to go eco-friendly can be far better solutions.